… the average intelligent reader will glean little or nothing from it- even from careful perusal, one might properly say study, of it- save bewilderment and a sense of disgust.

Not ten men or women out of a hundred can read “Ulysses” through, and of the ten who succeed in doing so, five of them will do it as a tour de force. I am probably the only person, aside from the author, that has ever read it twice from beginning to end.

—Dr. Joseph Collins, The New York Times, 1922